Audio guide for large monument 2024

English

Hello dear visitor! 

Welcome to Falla Raval de San Agustí. We want you to enjoy our monument to the fullest  that’s why we have created this audio-guide in different languages, so you don’t miss  anything. We also want to help you understand the complex concept of Fallas and how are  they made. Fallas are the traditional Valencian festivals, we also, use the same name for the artistic monuments of wood, cardboard and cork that adorn our streets. In addition: Art, Passion, Tradition, Gastronomy, Music, Party, Gunpowder,  Light, Color and Spirituality are part of this marvelous festivals. 

Said that, let’s first of all take a tour through our actual monument, and then, if you want to  continue listening, we will explain the origin of the fallas, curiosities and much more about  these festivals, declared World Heritage, at the end of this audioguide. 

The monument we present this year has the motto «From Cullera to the Sky. The art of tourism» with which we want to show the strengths and weaknesses that we have as a tourist city. The aviator located above the lighthouse of Cullera represents the Cullerense Juan Olivert Serra, who one hundred and fifteen years ago was the first Spaniard to make a motorized flight. This legendary citizen has traveled to the future and has found his hometown much changed. But the director of one of the hotels will accompany him to discover the tourist city that Cullera has become. During the tour, we will find a lot of criticism about the little hotel capacity we have, about the bad behavior of the festivals, and about the elderly tourists we have. For example, it is very curious to see that every year the grandparents fight early in the morning to put the umbrella on the beach, but then they do not spend on hospitality and commerce. Thus, it is criticized that between grandparents and children, tourism in Cullera is not of quality.

We also find on the left a fisherman and on the right a boat with three ladies, being Cullera a population with river and sea, we can offer many possibilities to the tourist. At the back, we will have more elderly people and the Marenyet Tower to be able to tell a bit of history. Pirates besieged and devastated the city of Cullera with various attacks, and for that reason, this watchtower was built. Today it is a museum but it is never open to visitors, and this also needs to be criticized. But despite all the inconveniences that we can observe in tourism in Cullera, this is the most wonderful city in the world and that is why, from Cullera to the sky.

 

Now, if you have time, you can continue listening to curiosities about the Fallas.

 

The fire is the soul of Fallas. All the festivals that have fire as protagonist can relate to solar  rituals. Since immemorial times, in many places in Europe, Asia and Africathe arrival of the  equinoxes and solstices (the starting of the seasons) are celebrated lighting fires. These  actions, in some cases, have been inherited from ancient cultures and linked to solar  ceremonies and rituals of purification. The Catholic Church, against the impossibility of  suppressing these popular traditions in many places in Spain, decided to absorb and dedicate them to the saints; in this way, the fires of the summer solstice are related to San Juan and  those of the spring equinox to San José. Therefore, some historians think that Fallas are  actually a very old tradition in Valencia, which began as spring fires and evolved to the  satirical monuments that nowadays we know.  

One of the explanations of the origin of Fallas is linked to San José and the guild of the carpenters. On the eve of the day of San José, the carpenters took the opportunity to do cleaning in the workshop and they took to the street the useless remains of wood, which  were piled up, artistically. The rest of the neighbors also took out useless furniture amd  helped build them. 

Since this tradition started, Valencians have been doing more beautiful and elaborate  monuments over the years. This tradition starts spreading and takes a satirical and burlesque character in which they are exposed in a symbolic and caricaturesque way, representing  characters, audiences and outstanding situations of the previous year in different scenes  inside the same monument. 

Since the monuments improved over the years, a unique profession was born in valencia:  Fallero Artist. At that moment the elaboration of the monuments is professionalized and  takes to extreme artistic levels because the «fallero artist» becomes a professional; he  models figures with a wooden, cork and polyester base and is capable of performing works of art that combine architecture, sculpture, and painting, and specially ingenuity since each year, more than 2,000 monuments that are made throughout the Valencian region, are Authentic, different and unique. The monuments range between 5 and 30 meters high  (some exceeding 40m) and are full of funny and satirical scenes and puppets called «ninots». 

Something very special about Fallas are the typical dresses our proud women wear through  the streets. Beautiful regional dresses, considered the most expensive in the world because  of the fabric: handmade sewed silk with gold and silver thread. The most striking  complement of these dresses is the topknot with comb. This typical clothing was born on the

XVI century as the attire of the humnble working women that copied elemnts from the royal court. All the pieces merge into a dress full of details and color that makes Valencian women stand out and becomes one of the most outstanding and striking typical costumes. 

Fallas cannot be understood without gunpowder. The Valencian people love gunpowder. In fact,on the Fallas week, early in the morning the falleros take the streets to shoot very  loud fircrackers around the neighborhood, with the intention of wake every fallera so that  they get up and put on their traditional costumes and thus  start the festive day.  On Fallas, fireworks pyrotechnic shows are constant, but there is one that its the most  typical: the Mascletà.  

The Mascletà is a sound based daytime pyrotechnic show; exceeding 120 decibels It has the  «masclet» as the main element and Air effects can also be intercalated. The objective is to  get a good rythm and potency and finish with a noisy and marvelous finale. 

The world around Fallas is much broader than we can tell you on this audio-guide. Each  commission has it’s own casal”, a social headquarter for the whole commission to have fun, meet for dinner once a week, participate in card games, parties and assemblies which are  necessary for the correct functioning of the whole Falla. Visits are made to the artist’s  workshop to see the development of the Falla, participate in religious and spiritual events,  organize parties in which music and gunpowder are the protagonists and this whole circle  closes in the Fallas week, a frantic week with a lot of passion and feelings that ends with the burning of the monument.  

The last event, and the true meaning and purpose of the fault, is its burning. The Falla must  burn on March 19 at night. At various points, holes are drilled, they introduce rags soaked in gas and set them on fire. The burning is the turning point between creation and destruction.  

Many think that we Valencians are a little crazy because we are able to burn thousands of  expensive artworks every year, but for the Valencians, burning the Fallas symbolizes end of everything past and welcome to everything new. It is a ritual deeply rooted in the  Valencian tradition. 

We hope from the bottom of our heart that you enjoyed our monuments and you’ve learnt  something new from this audioguide. 

Since these festivities are ephemeral, we hope you come visit us again next year, we are sure you’ll love it again!